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Three Coverage

Three’s mobile network is widely available, with network coverage for 4G reaching the vast majority of the UK population, while 5G is available in over 650 towns and cities at the time of writing.

Below you’ll see details of exactly how much coverage Three has, along with information on its network speed, how it compares to other networks, how to check your coverage and what to do if you have bad signal.

Coverage checker

You can check 3G, 4G and 5G coverage by heading to Three’s coverage checker. Then, simply enter your postcode and it will give you an idea of what your 5G, 4G and 3G coverage is, breaking it down into both indoor and outdoor coverage for each network type.

Check Three Coverage

This is worth paying attention to, because even if outdoor coverage is good, signal may struggle to penetrate walls in some areas. 

Three’s coverage checker also includes a coverage map, so you can see the bigger picture and check coverage in nearby towns and cities.

Network coverage

You’ll find full details of 5G under the heading below, but 4G is still Three’s most widespread network type at the time of writing, so we’ll detail that first. Three’s 4G coverage then currently reaches roughly 99.8% of the UK population. The network used to have similarly widespread 3G coverage, but it’s in the process of switching 3G off (and should be done by the end of 2024).

The best Three coverage will usually be found in large towns and cities, most of which have strong 4G coverage, while even most rural locations are likely to have some network coverage, though in some cases it could be limited to 3G speeds.

But in many cases while connected to Three’s 4G network you’ll actually get better than standard 4G, thanks to a service known as 4G+ (sometimes referred to as LTE-A or LTE-Advanced). Three 4G+ is currently available in cities with high data demands, such as London, Birmingham, Cardiff, Edinburgh, and Glasgow. 4G+ on Three improves average data speeds by between 15% and 33%.

Three has also updated 6,000 sites (accounting for 80% of its network traffic) to allow them to offer 4G speeds that are up to 150% faster than what was previously available. This was done through a combination of new antennas and new spectrum.

On top of all that, Three also offers 4G Super Voice (sometimes known as VoLTE or 4G Calling), which means you can make calls over 4G. There are a number of advantages to this, but most notably it means Three's voice coverage will reach places it never had before, like indoor blackspots across towns and cities, bringing Three coverage to even more of the UK population.

5G coverage

Three 5G is now live in at least 4,700 sites across 650 towns and cities, covering over 60% of the UK population. Those who purchase a phone contractSIM Only deal or Pay As You Go plan will be able to access 5G at no extra cost. The list of current cities with Three 5G is vast, but key locations include the likes of London, Aberdeen, Belfast, Birmingham, Brighton, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Oxford, Portsmouth, Swansea, York, and many other places.

Three also boasts that it’s the only UK network equipped to offer ‘true’ 5G at launch, which should make it faster than rivals. This is largely thanks to it having a 100MHz block of contiguous 5G spectrum.

Going by tests there’s evidence that this is paying off, as in a report covering the second half of 2023, Speedtest rated Three as being the UK’s fastest 5G network – and the network has been rated the fastest numerous times previously too.

Three network

As well as widespread coverage, Three also has a number of awards, such as being the uSwitch Best Network for Data Winner 2022 and the aforementioned fastest 5G award from Speedtest.

Network speeds

Obviously, you’ll have faster speeds using Three’s 4G network than its 3G phone network, around five times faster in fact. Three’s average 4G download speeds stand at 22.2Mbps according to OpenSignal’s Mobile Networks Experience Update from October 2020. The same report put its average 4G upload speed at 8.0Mbps, while an April 2020 report put its average latency (the amount of time the network takes to respond to a request) at 48.3ms – latency wasn’t included in the October report.

All of those reports are a bit old now because recent ones tend to focus on either 5G or combined data speeds, and on the 5G front Three is of course even faster.

According to Speedtest, Three’s median 5G download speed during the second half of 2023 was a massive 226.27Mbps. We’ve seen an almost-as-impressive average 5G download speed of 205.5Mbps from a September 2023 Opensignal report, while one of the highest recorded speeds was 853.4Mbps, recorded by RootMetrics in 2023.

We also did our own speed tests when we carried out our Three 5G Broadband review, and recorded an average 5G download speed of 445Mbps and a peak speed of 656Mbps – though this of course was just in one place.

Network frequencies

Three’s 4G network uses the 800MHz, 1400Mhz and 1800MHz bands. The 800Mhz spectrum can travel long distances, meaning it’s great for rural locations where masts and people will be more spread out. And it’s also great at bringing 4G signals indoors, whereas some other frequencies struggle to penetrate walls.

1800MHz is shorter range and not as good at passing through obstacles, but it’s high capacity, so Three can handle a lot of network traffic using it, while 1400MHz sits between the two in terms of strengths and weaknesses.    
In areas where you’re limited to 3G, you’ll be using the 2100MHz band.

As for 5G, this uses spectrum in the 700MHz, 3.4GHz and 3.6GHz-4GHz bands. The same strengths and weaknesses of these low and high frequency bands apply, but even more so.

WiFi Calling

As well as its phone network and mobile data, Three also offers WiFi Calling. This means you can call and text over Wi-Fi, so if you ever have network or signal problems you can still stay in touch with people.

WiFi Calling works seamlessly without a separate app on a selection of the latest handsets, along with many older ones, with more being added all the time. You can see the full selection here.

Frequently Asked Questions

When will I have Three 4G or 5G in my area?

If you don’t currently have any 4G or 5G coverage in your area you quite possibly will soon, as Three’s network is continually growing.

So we’d suggest regularly returning to Three’s coverage checker to check coverage. The more urban your area the sooner you’re likely to get network coverage, but even rural locations are increasingly getting Three 4G and even 5G coverage.

How can I check the network status in my area?

Network status in your area can be seen by using Three’s network and coverage support page.

Three’s network is constantly undergoing maintenance and upgrades in different areas across the UK. In areas where work is ongoing Three customers may experience disruptions in service, so it’s important to check network status in your area. However, for planned work Three will generally alert existing customers to potential disruptions.

What could be affecting my speeds and coverage?

A lot of different things can affect speeds and coverage and not all of them will be picked up on even if you check coverage on Three’s coverage checker.

Possible problems include walls and other obstacles, temporary structures, your distance from the nearest mast, extreme weather such as flooding or strong winds, planned or unplanned maintenance, and issues with your device or account.

Some of these issues are temporary, others are more permanent, but either way there are things you can potentially do to improve your 5G, 4G and 3G performance, highlighted below.

How can I improve my speeds and coverage?

First, you might want to use a speed testing app or site to see just how fast your phone network really is, as well as checking the signal strength.

If you’re definitely having a problem, you should try charging your battery if it’s low and doing a software update if it’s not on the latest version, as these can both affect signal strength.

You should also check Three’s network status in case there are any outages in your area. Other things to try include turning airplane mode on and off again, turning your device off and on again, ensuring mobile data is on, and resetting your network settings.

It can also be worth double checking there hasn’t been a billing issue or failed top-up on your Three account.

If all else fails, give Three a call on 333 from your Three phone or 03333 381 001 from any other phone.

Can anything be done if I’m in a bad signal area?

The main option is WiFi Calling, as discussed above. Three used to offer alternatives, including the Three inTouch app and a Home Signal box, but it has ceased doing so.

Check out our full guide to improving your Three signal.

Will Three’s coverage improve?

Yes, Three’s coverage is improving all the time. It already has almost UK-wide 4G population coverage though, so 5G is the next big step. You can expect Three 5G to land in most parts of the UK over the next few years.

What’s the difference between indoor coverage and outdoor coverage?

Outdoor coverage is typically more widespread, since a signal has to pass through walls to provide indoor coverage. So in short if you have outdoor coverage somewhere you may or may not have indoor coverage, while if you have indoor coverage you almost certainly also have outdoor coverage.

Since all buildings are different, no coverage checker can say for sure whether you’ll have coverage in a specific building.

How can I report a signal problem?

Give Three a call on 333 from your Three phone or 0333 338 1001 from any other phone.

Does Three control its coverage abroad?

No, it partners with local networks and relies on their infrastructure. As such speeds and coverage outside the UK will be variable and largely outside of Three’s control. The good news though is that the network allows you to roam either inclusively or for a small additional fee (depending on your plan) in 71 destinations, covering Europe and beyond.

The information contained on this website has been written to assist our readers. We do not represent Three or speak on its behalf and are entirely independent of Three.


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